A closeup of a call representative’s smile behind their headset.

First call resolution (FCR) is used by customer service teams to quantify how effectively their employees can solve customer problems. The first call resolution definition is the ratio of calls that are solved the first time a customer reaches out compared to the total number of calls a center receives. 

This metric is based on the belief that solving problems on the first call increases the chances that the customer has a positive experience with the company. No one wants to have to keep calling the same number over and over again because their problem isn’t solved. This metric is used by companies as a way to make their care teams more effective and retain customers. 

Your first call resolution rate can have a significant impact on your business beyond your customer service efforts. FCR can impact your marketing efforts and affect your profits. Learn more about this key metric, how to track it, and best practices for your team to grow your FCR. 

The Importance of First Call Resolution 

Your customer service efforts have a tremendous impact on your business. According to a 2020 survey by Salesforce of 15,000 consumers, 91% of buyers say a positive customer service experience makes them more likely to make another purchase. If a customer calls your service team with a question and receives an answer on the first call, they are more likely to have a positive experience that drives them to buy. 

Not only does your customer service team proactively drive sales, but it also prevents customer attrition. The same Salesforce survey found that 78% of customers will forgive a company’s mistake after receiving excellent service. A customer might be tempted to walk away from your company forever, but good customer service can win them back. 

By tracking first contact resolution and setting goals for improvement, you can work to reduce your customer attrition rate. Businesses need a healthy balance of new and returning customers. Returning customers spend more per purchase on average and patronize your business more frequently. The more customers you convince to stay loyal to your business (while attracting new ones) the more your brand can grow. 

How To Measure the Success of First Call Resolution

Once you have an understanding of first call resolution, you can take steps to implement this metric into your call center and other customer service infrastructure. Effective customer service is measurable. It allows you to understand your current performance and set goals for growth. Additionally, brands can track FCR on an individual level and across entire teams.  

Internal Measurements

The first step is to understand the first call resolution formula. Start by tracking the total number of calls your team receives (for your particular FCR needs, you can track calls, texts, emails, social media messages, chats, and other methods of customer communication). Then track the number of times a problem is resolved in the first call versus calls that need extra help. You can then calculate your FCR percentage by dividing the two numbers. 

For example, assume your service center receives 500 customer calls over a month. If 350 are resolved the first time a customer reaches out, then your FCR ratio is 350/500 – or 70%. 

With this metric on hand, you can take steps to improve your customer service. Over a quarter, you may set a goal to improve your FCR by 5%t. This means 25 more customers only have to call once — increasing your chances that they have a positive experience and continue buying from your company.

External Metrics

Internal measurements can help you understand your own first call resolution levels, but external metrics can give your business an idea of how it compares to others. Across all industries, most companies try to hit a 75% FCR level. However, this rate might not be possible for your company. 

Every industry is different. Some industries have problems that are more complex than others and take longer to solve. If you want to review external metrics for FCR, look at how your competitors handle customer service. Brands in your industry can give you a clearer view of resolution targets to work toward.

Both internal and external metrics can drive you to improve your FCR. You can set goals for your improvement and work to offer the best customer service in your market.  

Up-Training for First Call Resolution 

Setting goals for improvement is a good first step toward boosting your FCR; however, without actionable tactics, your team will have no way to solve more problems on the first call. Small steps have a big impact. When you implement multiple changes to improve your customer service department, you can watch your FCR rate increase and the number of satisfied customers grow. 

Consider a few of these first call resolution best practices:

Create an Empathetic Experience 

Empathy involves understanding and sharing feelings from one person to another. It is an incredibly powerful emotion in customer service. Your callers want their problems to be solved, but many of them also want to be heard. By training your staff members to provide empathy over the phone, you can increase the patience of customers and give your team more time to solve problems. 

Introducing empathetic best practices may increase the average call time in your center, but the time is worth it if your company is retaining customers and solving more problems on the first call.   

Utilize Scripts

Knowledgeable employees and problem solvers can jump into action when faced with an issue and work to resolve it. While you can’t account for every problem that comes through your call center, you can identify the most common issues and how teams can solve them. 

Consider investing in call center scripting software for your representatives. Your employees can identify a problem, pull up a script to solve it, and read through the process to address the customer’s needs. This reduces stress on representatives because they know that most problems are easily solved with only a few clicks. 

Receive and Provide Clear Feedback

Consider tracking first call resolution rates on an individual level as well as a team level. Some team members may need additional training or support to help with difficult customers. 

While you personally can’t listen to every call, there are customer care AI tools that listen to calls and identify patterns that are good and bad. With this service, your team members can receive coaching advice, even if you are busy. You can also review coaching trends to see if you need to implement team-wide training or meet with a few employees one-on-one. 

Every employee contributes to your company’s FCR rate. By addressing small issues that contribute to multiple calls, you can have a big impact on your customer service success. 

First call resolution is a useful graphic to track the health of your customer service center. It isn’t the only KPI to keep an eye on, but it can warn you that your customers aren’t happy — especially if your FCR is lower than your industry standard. If you invest in your team and work to provide better customer care, your FCR should increase in the long run.